Pearl guide


Your guide to understanding the how, what and why on cultured pearls:

Cultured Pearls:
Natural pearls are extremely rare, which is why cultured pearls are sold at market today The process of creating a cultured pearl is fairly complex.

It begins by implanting a bead into an oyster. The oyster then begins its natural process of coating the bead with layer upon layer of proteins and minerals. These layers are known as nacre. The luster and shine found on pearls is caused by this nacre.

How to select the best pearl?
At E.S. Designs, we pride ourselves on our fine collection of Cultured Pearl typesFreshwater pearls, Tahitian pearls, and South Seas pearls. We also have a fine range of Akoya pearls, which have been cultured by our experts. You will find an exquisite range of pearl jewelry at E.S. Designs, specially crafted to perfection, from dangler earrings to fashionable studs, pendants, necklaces, and bracelets. We have also categorized our pearl jewelry according to different prices so that you can easily select the best pearl jewelry according to your budget and preferences. Additionally, you can rest assured that all of our pearls meet the highest quality standards.

Range of Colors
Pearls come in a wide range of colors, ranging from white rose to white, gold, silver, black, and pink. Pearls also come in yellow and some have secondary overtones and hues, such as white pearls with pink overtones. This range of colors provides added allure to pearls.

Pearl Colors

Shine and luster
The layers of nacre on the surface of the pearl result in the unique way in which light gets reflected. This is what promotes the luster and shine of the pearl. The size of the pearl is a significant indicator of its luster. A larger sized pearl will have more nacre and hence reflect more light. This is evident if you compare a 6 mm cultured freshwater pearl with a 12 mm cultured seawater pearl. The size has a tremendous bearing on the pearl’s luster.

Pearl Luster

The amount of surface markings on the nacre also has an effect on the price of a pearl. At E.S. Designs, we provide you with a fine range of pearls with assorted surface markings, colors, and prices.

Pearl SurfaceShapes

Pear Shapes
Pearls comes in various shapes, from round or oval to off-round, semi-baroque, and teardrop. The classic round shape is the most expensive of all pearl shapes and the most sought-after. It is also often the rarest! At E.S. Designs, we provide you with the highest quality of perfectly round pearls. Our collection ranges from pearls from the South Sea to Tahiti and Akoya, as well as other varieties. We prefer using round pearls obtained from these waters as opposed to freshwater pearls because the latter usually have oval or off-round shapes.

Pearl Shapes

Pearl Size
The size of a pearl ranges from 5 mm to as large as 13 mm in diameter. Usually freshwater pearls have a size ranging from 3 to 7 mm, while Tahitian and South Sea varieties may have diameters as big as 13 mm. Akoya pearls have diameters ranging from 6 to 8.5 mm. Pearls are traditionally weighed in mommes, which is an old Japanese measure still used for pearls today. One momme equals 3.75 grams or 18.75 carats.

Pearl Sizes

Care and Maintenance
Proper care and maintenance of pearls is essential to prolong their life and luster. Regular wearing of pearls is essential to keep the pearls lustrous. The body’s natural oils can actually enhance their luster. Harmful chemicals, such as makeup, perfume, bleaches, and hairspray, should never come into contact with pearls. Even household products that contain chemicals need to be kept away from pearls. These chemicals can erode the nacre and the pearl’s natural shine. When dressing, be sure to put on your pearls last and take them off as soon as you get home. You also need to gently wipe the pearls with a soft cloth and keep them separated from other jewelry pieces. This will prevent any scratches from eroding the surface.

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